A lobbyist for the FirstEnergy Solutions Bondholder Group helped organize a community meeting where the utility’s CEO revealed how a “Clean Air” bill designed to subsidize its nuclear plants in Ohio would also bail out the super-polluting W.H. Sammis coal plant.  

The Bondholder Group represents powerful investment firms based in Illinois, New York, and Texas that hold billions of dollars in FirstEnergy Solutions (FES) debt. It’s disclosed lobbying on only one bill in Ohio this year: House Bill 6, the bill passed by the Ohio General Assembly and signed into law by Governor Mike Dewine that will force consumers to pay over $1 billion to bail out FES’s Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear power plants

Financial analysts viewed the bill as a “win” for FES’s bondholders

The meeting on Sammis, described by a local newspaper as “hastily arranged,” came in June, before the bill was passed and not long after Republican State Senator Frank Hoagland voiced concerns about the legislation. 

“The problem I see is you’re putting people out of work then turning around and asking them to pay to keep the nuke plants open,” Hoagland told Charles Moore, FES’s chief restructuring officer, during a committee hearing on the bill.

Hoagland’s district is home to the Sammis plant. FES had previously announced plans to retire the plant’s last remaining coal and diesel generating units in 2022, but noted those plans could be reversed if it received government assistance for the plant. 

“Mr. Moore assured the lawmaker the company is working to find ways to maintain that plant despite its proposed deactivation,” as Gongwer News Service first reported.

Emails obtained by the Energy & Policy Institute through an Open Records Law request show that a lobbyist named Lori Herf then invited Hoagland to speak at a “Community Meeting on the Future of the Sammis Generating Station Featuring FirstEnergy Solutions CEO John Judge” in Steubenville. 

“Lori said this meeting was very much prompted by your comments and wishes that you had expressed about them connecting the information with all stakeholders and the community as a whole regarding the Sammis plant,” an aide to Hoagland said in one email.  

Herf is a senior government affairs advisor with the law firm Baker Hostetler who lobbied for HB 6 on behalf of the FirstEnergy Solutions Bondholder Group, according to state lobbying disclosures. Brian Durdle of Baker Hostetler also lobbied for the bill for the bondholders.

The emails also show Hoagland’s staff arranged for the use of an Ohio Senate vehicle to travel to the meeting

At the meeting, Judge said that the future of Sammis depended on passage of HB 6. 

“House Bill Six is really designed to support our nuclear plants, and all the money from that would go to those nuclear plants,” Judge said. “But at the same time, it would make our company economically healthy enough that we would be able to look at other investments like investing in the Sammis Plant.” 

Judge said the company would invest $40-50 million in Sammis. 

“You’ve got to put money back into it to get it running reliably and safely,” he also said. “We’re planning to make that investment, and after that we’ll need to spend (more money) to keep it running well.” 

The meeting and Judge’s remarks received little attention outside of several local news stories, until FES announced it was rescinding the deactivation notice for Sammis shortly after HB 6 passed. Hoagland’s office then released a statement responding to FES’ announcement, which said, “the effort was fought for by Hoagland in House Bill 6, the state’s new energy plan that was signed into law last week.” 

Opponents of the bill warned that the Sammis announcement showed how the nuclear bailout package could become a “slush fund” for FES. 

The Ohio Clean Energy Jobs Alliance, a coalition “powered by FirstEnergy Solution” to support passage of HB 6, had sold the bill as a way to preserve zero emissions power generation and jobs at FES’s Davis-Besse and Perry nuclear power plants. The word “Sammis” appears nowhere on the Alliance’s website. 

A short title for the bill found on Legislature.Ohio.gov still claims that it, “Creates Ohio Clean Air Program.” 

Far from clean, Sammis was included on a 2016 list of the nation’s worst super-polluters, based on analysis of EPA emissions data by the Center for Public Integrity. 

House Bill 6 also extended a consumer-bailout for two-coal fired power plants operated by the Ohio Valley Electric Corporation, which is owned by American Electric Power, Dayton Power & Light, Duke Energy, and other electric utilities. In addition, it rolled back Ohio’s renewable energy and energy efficiency standards. Reporter David Roberts dubbed it the “worst energy bill of the 21st Century” in an in-depth article for Vox.

The FirstEnergy Solutions Bondholders Group represents powerful investors with stakes in FES’s coal and nuclear power plants

The Ohio Manufacturing Association, which opposed HB 6, warned in July that the bill “contains nothing to protect customers. Instead, it would protect investors who own the (nuclear plants), providing them staggering profits.” 

Lori Herf’s lobbying registration listed her employer as the FirstEnergy Solutions Bondholder Group, an entity that is not mentioned publicly anywhere outside of her filings with the Ohio Lobbying Activity Center. 

Joshua Brody at the New York office of the law firm Kramer Levin was listed on Herf’s lobbying registration as the contact person for the Bondholder Group. Brody and Kramer Levin, along with Herf’s firm Baker Hostetler, have represented the Ad Hoc Noteholder Group of creditors in FES’s bankruptcy case (Brody now has a new job at Jones Day, according to his LinkedIn profile).  

“Kramer Levin was retained by holders of more than $2 billion in FES debt in connection with a potential restructuring of FES and the parent company’s separation,” according to the Kramer Levin website

Kramer Levin and Baker Hostetler have listed the creditors they are representing in the case in statements filed with the bankruptcy court. The latest list includes the Chicago-based Nuveen Asset Management, a subsidiary of TIAA-CREF, and New York-based Avenue Capital Management II, which will respectively own 30 and 15 percent of the shares in the New HoldCo that will emerge when FES exits bankruptcy. 

The list of FES creditors represented by Kramer Levin and Baker Hostetler also includes other powerful investment firms that have multi-million dollar “economic interests” in FES: 

  • Alliance Bernstein, L.P., New York, NY
  • Allstate Insurance Company, Northbrook, IL
  • Barclays plc, New York, NY
  • Black Rock Financial Management Inc., New York, NY
  • Covekey Management, LP, Houston, TX
  • Capital Research and Management Company, Los Angeles, CA
  • GoldenTree Asset Management, LP, New York, NY
  • PointState Capital LP, New York, NY
  • Victory Capital Management Inc., San Antonio, TX

Those interests include notes issued by FirstEnergy Generation and FirstEnergy Nuclear Generation, the FES units that house Sammis and the utility’s nuclear plants. 

FES is paying for Kramer Levin and Baker Hostetler to represent the members of the Ad Hoc Noteholder Group, according to other documents filed in the bankruptcy case. In May of 2018, FES included a $2 retainer million for Kramer Levin and a $350,000 retainer for Baker Hostetler on a list of assets it filed in the case. Since then, FES has also paid millions of dollars to other lobbying and public relations firms involved in its bailout campaign in Ohio.

In 2017, Marc Lasry, the CEO and co-founder of Avenue Capital, announced plans to invest $1 billion in distressed assets in the utility industry. Last September, Lasry’s firm faced protests by some members of the Navajo Nation and Hopi Tribe who support renewable energy after his firm tried to buy the coal-fired Navajo Generating Station in Arizona. The plan was abandoned not long after the protests.

The Trump administration has tried to prop up the same Arizona coal plant, and in 2017 floated a federal plan that would have bailed out coal and nuclear power plants owned by FirstEnergy, a plan that was rejected by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

Lasry is a Democratic donor who has given campaign money this year to a number of the 2020 presidential candidates who have taken the No Fossil Fuel Money Pledge, including Pete Buttigieg, Cory Booker, Kirsten Gillibrand and Kamala Harris.

Posted by Dave Anderson

Dave Anderson is the policy and communications manager for the Energy and Policy Institute. Dave has been working at the nexus of clean energy and public policy since 2008. Prior to joining the Energy and Policy Institute, he was an outreach coordinator for the climate and energy program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. He is also an alumnus of the Sierra Club and the Alliance for Climate Protection (now the Climate Reality Project). Dave’s research has helped to spur public scrutiny of political attacks on clean energy and climate science by powerful special interests, such as ExxonMobil and the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC). His work has been cited by major media outlets, such as CBS News and the Wall Street Journal, and he has served as a speaker on panels at national solar industry conferences. Dave holds a MA in Political Science from the University of New Hampshire, where he also received a BA in Humanities.


  1. […] law firms of Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP and Baker & Hostetler LLP represented the Ad Hoc Noteholder Group, which included Nuveen Asset Management and Avenue Strategies, currently the two largest remaining […]

  2. […] Sen. Frank Hoagland, a Jefferson County Republican whose district covers the plant, also conspicuously asked an Energy Harbor official during the HB6 hearings why he should vote for the nuclear bailout if the company was putting his […]

  3. […] W.H. Sammis coal plant was ranked among the nation’s worst super polluters in a 2016 analysis by the Center for Public […]

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