A Virginia lawmaker introduced a bill last week that, if passed, would prohibit the utilities Dominion Energy and Appalachian Power from charging customers for many of their political activities.
The bill, HB 792, would bar Virginia’s investor-owned electric utilities from charging their customers for their dues to trade associations, lobbying of government officials, advertising and other efforts to influence public opinion, charitable giving, and litigation to challenge regulations or laws.
Of that list, current law in Virginia only bans utilities from recovering the costs of advertising from customers.
Dominion Energy and Appalachian Power would still be able to conduct all those activities, but they would have to fund them from money they would otherwise return to investors as profit, rather than baking them into customers’ monthly bills.
The bill also would require the utilities to file reports annually to allow regulators and the public to ensure that they are following the law, and would apply financial penalties to any utilities who break the new rules.
Delegate Rozia Henson, D-Woodbridge, introduced the bill on January 10.
Virginia utilities currently recover trade association dues
The State Corporation Commission (SCC), a state agency tasked with regulating Virginia’s monopoly utilities and setting fair rates, decides what costs utilities are allowed to recover from customers when the utility applies for a rate case.
In current rate cases, Dominion and Appalachian Power requested to recover the vast majority of their trade association dues from customers: Dominion is seeking to charge its customers $9 million per year in trade association dues from their customers and Appalachian Power, which serves Southwestern Virginia and has fewer Virginia customers than Dominion, sought to recover about $700,000.
The dues Dominion is seeking to charge to ratepayers include $1.3 million to the Edison Electric Institute (EEI), $120,000 to the Utility Water Act Group (UWAG), and $45,000 to the “Class Of ’85 Regulatory Response Group.”
EEI has advocated for higher utility profits, fought EPA clean air rules, and operated training camps to teach lobbyists and executives from utilities how to run winning political campaigns, including case studies on how to combat clean energy policies and promote fossil fuel bailouts. UWAG lobbies and litigates to undermine clean water standards. The “Class of ‘85” group is run out of a Washington, D.C. law firm, and has advocated against rules to protect clean air and public health with the EPA.
Appalachian Power sought over $500,000 in EEI dues from Virginia customers.
Dominion’s and Appalachian Power’s pattern of charging customers for political costs
The SCC has deemed utilities’ expenses on lobbying and, more recently, their charitable contributions, to be unrecoverable from customers.
Both utilities, however, seem to have a problem abiding by those rules. In each of its last four rate cases, Dominion has been caught by SCC auditors attempting to place lobbying or other impermissible costs into rates.
Auditors at the SCC shaved off nearly $10,000,000 in lobbying, charitable contributions and corporate advertising from the rates that Dominion attempted to charge customers in those four rate cases:
- In its current 2023 Rate case, Dominion attempted to improperly charge customers for $306,000 for charitable contributions and lobbying expenses.
- In its 2021 rate case, Dominion attempted to improperly charge $5,773,000 for charitable contributions and lobbying expenses.
- In its 2015 rate case – Dominion attempted to improperly charge $45,000 for the lobbying portion of their trade association dues, which the SCC had required them to excise.
- In its 2013 rate case, Dominion attempted to illegally charge $3,900,000 for corporate advertising costs.
In Appalachian Power’s 2023 Rate Case, the SCC found over $926,000 improperly charged to rates related to lobbying activities, advertising expenses, and the lobbying portion of industry association dues. The utility attempted to pass $303,000 of advertising costs onto its customers, but those costs were deemed ineligible for cost recovery by the SCC, along with an additional $406,000 because an advertising vendor didn’t provide enough information to ensure the ads weren’t for corporate public relations, which is banned from recovery by current Virginia law. Over $217,000 were deemed ineligible for cost recovery because they related to lobbying activities or the lobbying portion of industry association dues.
The SCC’s practice of denying recovery of charitable contributions is relatively new. Between 2011-2012, the SCC approved Dominion’s request to charge ratepayers $1.37 million for donations made by Dominion, according to the AP. Some of those contributions were to institutions where Virginia legislators also worked as fundraisers, creating conflicts of interests.
When SCC staff criticized the practice in 2015, and press attention to the ties between Dominion’s charity and lobbying grew, Dominion announced that fall that it would no longer seek to recover charitable contributions from ratepayers.
Still, in 2023 SCC auditors caught Dominion slipping $143,000 in charitable donations into rates. Dominion removed those costs only after being caught by Staff.
A former SCC judge and current Commissioner at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Republican Mark Christie, has been critical of utilities’ recovering their charitable contributions from customers.
“Giving away other people’s money is not altruism,” Christie said in a statement concurring with the opening of an investigation at FERC into how utilities charge customers for political practices.
The SCC could change its precedents around recovery of charitable contributions or lobbying any time. HB 792 would set recoverability rules into law.
HB 792 transparency, enforcement reforms could deter utilities from continued misfiling
HB 792 also would require Dominion and Appalachian Power to file annual reports with itemized information about their lobbying, trade association, charity, political litigation, and advertising costs. It would require the utilities to report the job titles of employees who work in departments who conduct those activities, along with how much of their salaries the utilities are seeking to recover from ratepayers, enabling the SCC and the public to verify that the utilities are complying with the law’s prohibitions.
In the event that the utilities do charge customers for prohibited political utilities, as Dominion and Appalachian Power have both attempted to do in recent rate cases, the law requires the SCC to levy financial penalties on the companies, providing a deterrent against illegal recovery.
Virginia would join other states in growing national trend
HB 792 is the latest in a growing trend of efforts around the country to protect customers from footing the bill for their utilities’ political influence activities. Three states – Colorado, Connecticut, and Maine – passed laws in 2023 tightening rules to prevent utilities from charging customers for their political operations. The Connecticut and Maine laws passed on a bipartisan basis. Regulators in Louisiana and legislators in the U.S. Congress, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, and most recently California, have also proposed similar changes.